Linen Fabric Guide: What is Linen Fabric & Its Types?

Posted By: dania-mughal
Read Time: 6 min
Linen Fabric Guide: What is Linen Fabric & Its Types?

Are you excited to learn about what linen is and the types of linen? So, here you can go! Today one of the most popular fabrics is linen, used especially for baths and bedding.

As everyone wants to try the various types of fabric for dresses, but Linen fabric has many advantages that make it one of the most popular fabrics in today's market. Its versatility and natural beauty are otherworldly. 

However, what are the various linen types? A fax plant's fiber is made into a fabric with many characteristics and benefits. It's soft but tough and strong and has excellent antifungal bactericidal properties. In this guide, we'll explore what linen fabric is, its unique characteristics, different types, and its versatile uses.

What is Linen Fabric?

Linen is a durable, natural cloth woven from threads of the flax plant. It is grown all over the world as a purple flowering plant. The flax plant is not only used to produce textiles, but linseed oil can also be made from it.

Linen is also seen as an environmentally friendly fabric. Further, the word linen itself comes from the Latin name of that most common flax plant-Linum usitatissimum.

Printed linen fabric is several centuries old. Originally it was used to make all kinds of fancy robes and dresses for the well-to-do men or women in society. The making and wearing of linen are depicted in pictures dating back to the ancient Egyptians.

Its versatile qualities surely have helped linen retain its popularity among textiles for over 30,00 years. Actually, in ancient Egypt the cloth was so valuable it served as a medium of exchange or currency. Linen represented wealth, lightness, and purity, so it was the first choice for mummification.

Characteristics of Linen Fabric

1. Breathability

There are different linen fabric types, and all are highly breathable, allowing air to circulate through the fabric. This property makes it ideal for clothing, especially in warm weather, as it keeps the body cool and comfortable.

2. Durability

Despite its lightweight feel, linen is remarkably durable. It becomes stronger when wet, making it a robust fabric choice for various applications. When you see Pakistani clothes in USA, you can get a lot of amazing collections in Linen.

3. Absorbency

Linen has excellent moisture-wicking properties, absorbing perspiration and drying quickly. This feature contributes to its comfort, especially in clothing items.

4. Natural Luster

Embroidered linen fabric gives clothing and home textiles a touch of elegance with its inherent sheen or luster.

Types of Linen Fabric

Plain-woven Linen

There are also plain woven varieties of linen, known as glass toweling. These can generally be seen in checks and stripes with blue or red backgrounds. This is the reason that it is also called glass toweling-it's great for wiping glasses over to remove any smudges.

Damask Linen

A beautiful weave of plain and satin, damask linen fabric for clothing has a silky texture that is reversible. Although the damask has a stiff surface, it possesses excellent absorption properties. Because it is often produced in block colors, this fabric is commonly used for tablecloths and napkins.

Toweling Linen

Toweling linen, with a looped weave structure, makes it very good for towels. It is available in different widths to cut out all sizes of towels you could want from it.

Holland Linen

As chiffon vs georgette is known for its quality, the same goes for Holland linen. This is also famous for its high quality and fine weave. It's commonly used for luxurious clothing items and high-end tablecloths. 

Sheeting Linen

When it comes to linen fabric types, broad, heavy sheeting linen is used for many purposes; it can be used for both sheets and clothing. Dresses, suits, and other linen clothing all look good when made from sheeting.

Butcher’s Linen

Another variety of plain weave linen, butcher's linen, is stiff and coarse. Butcher's linen is particularly well suited to aprons and heavy-duty clothing.

Cambric Linen

Printed linen fabric, which comes from Cambria, France, is known as a Cambric type. They have a very fine weave. It is used to handle delicate items like handkerchiefs and lingerie.

Handkerchief Linen

Handkerchief linen is a plain weave type of linen. For that reason, it is used for handkerchiefs and soft-looking blouses.

Huckaback Linen

This linen blend is either pure or a combination of cotton and healthy. Towel lengths are most lovely made up in huckaback linen. It is highly absorbent and lightweight.

Uses of Linen Fabric


Linen is like a best friend during hot weather as the cotton lawn fabric! Imagine wearing clothes that feel light and comfy and keep you cool when the sun is blazing. That's exactly what linen clothing does. It's used to make all sorts of clothes:

  • Shirts: Light and breezy shirts that feel great, especially when it's warm outside.
  • Trousers: Pants made from linen are comfy and perfect for casual or even slightly formal occasions.
  • Dresses: Flowy and comfortable dresses that are just the thing for summer outings.
  • Suits: Yes, even suits! Embroidered linen fabric suits are stylish and cool for those formal events in hot weather.

Home Textiles

Linen isn't just for wearing; it also makes our homes look lovely and feel cozy!

  • Curtains: Ever seen those light and airy curtains that make a room feel bright and fresh? Linen does that job perfectly.
  • Upholstery: Think about sofas or chairs covered in a fabric that feels nice and lasts long. That's linen upholstery for you!
  • Tablecloths and Napkins: For fancy dinners or casual meals, the linen properties of tablecloths and napkins add a touch of elegance. 
  • Towels and Bedding: Soft and durable towels for the bathroom and bedsheets that feel comfy and cool.

Industrial Applications

Surprisingly, linen also has some cool jobs in industries beyond clothes and home stuff!

  • Canvas for Painting: Artists love using linen as a canvas because it's strong and gives a nice surface for painting.
  • Bookbinding: Ever held a book that feels really special? Linen helps bind those books together, making them durable and beautiful.
  • Paper Manufacturing: Linen fibers are used to make high-quality paper for special books or important documents.

Caring for Linen Fabric

To maintain the quality and longevity of linen fabric for clothing, it's essential to follow proper care instructions: 

Washing Linen Fabric

1. Machine or Hand Wash in Cold or Lukewarm Water:

  • You can either wash heavy linen fabric in your washing machine using the delicate cycle or hand wash it. Cold or lukewarm water is best to prevent shrinkage or damage to the fabric.
  • If you're using a washing machine, consider using a laundry bag or turning the linen inside out to protect it.
2. Use Mild Detergent and Avoid Bleach:
  • Choose a gentle laundry detergent suitable for delicate fabrics. Harsh chemicals can weaken linen fibers and cause discoloration. Bleach can yellow fabric and weaken its fibers, so stay away from using it.

Drying Linen Fabric

Use Low Heat to Air Dry or Tumble Dry:

After washing, you have two primary options for drying heavy linen fabric:
  • Air Drying: Hang the linen fabric in a well-ventilated area away from direct sunlight. It's best to hang it while it's still slightly damp to prevent excessive wrinkling.
  • Tumble Drying: If using a dryer, select the lowest heat setting to avoid excessive shrinkage or damage to the fabric. Remove the linen while it's slightly damp to finish air-drying to prevent over-drying and wrinkling.

The Bottom Line Is

The versatility and quality of linen are truly remarkable. It is a product that can be used for all kinds of things. It dates back to ancient Egypt where it was a wrap for mummification. Today, you'll see the cloth all over homes and factories-and art galleries too. It's in every place you could imagine, from the bathroom to the bedroom. As a simple washcloth or colorful work of art, it is there for the taking everywhere one turns. All love all forms of linen.

Moreover, whether you're considering a breezy summer outfit or seeking durable and elegant home furnishings,  Linen or lawn brands of Pakistan stand out as a timeless and functional choice that continues to weave its way into our lives.